Watching the sun...
"We know that the Incas made powerful political statements based on the relationship between the sun and the king... The Inca claimed to be the offspring of the sun. But now we have a society that is 1,800 years before the Inca that is clearly using the sun as a way to make a political, social and ideological statement."
|Closeup view of the observatory ridge. P/C Google Maps|
If you zoom out, you can see that there's evidence of a LOT of other buildings and sites all around the area.
|View from above. P/C Google Maps|
|The chankillo ridge with 13 notches, looking towards the mountains in the east. |
P/C Google Maps.
Most impressively, there's a large temple/fortress complex just to the west. This is interpreted as being a temple with defensive capabilities--a suggestion that even 2300 years ago, battles were being fought in this part of Peru. (There's some debate about whether these were actual battles or ritualized fights--whatever the actual interpretation, building this site was a lot of work in difficult environment.)
|Nearby fortified temple site (P/C Google Maps)|
|A great shot of the ridge. P/C Wikimedia, by David Edgar (2013)|
As Remmij pointed out, there's a GREAT video tour of the Chakillo site: If you're interested, check it out.
Which then gives me a list of other publications that cite this original work, usually extending it or giving new interpretations: